9-3. Adaptive shapes

Aero-knowledge base: Curvature of paramount importance for transonic design

Local shape bumps for Active Flow Control in varying operating conditions


Parsec airfoil generator with parameterized bumps for curvature control

Exact and approximative shape modifications observing practical constraints

Airfoil performance comparison between baseline, redesign and calibrated bumps

ESB and RSB for drag rise control in varying Mach numbers